Improving water infrastructure must be a priority, as water conservation and efficiency are key components of sustainable water management. Solar desalination and intelligent irrigation systems are excellent examples of clean technology for water efficiency and control. Obviously, this applies even more to agriculture and to the agricultural sector, the biggest consumer of water. Preventing industry and people from dumping toxic substances into our water supplies and being able to accurately monitor water quality are critical steps in improving access to clean water.
Consumers should dispose of toxic substances safely instead of throwing them down the drain. Therefore, climate change is worsening the water crisis, especially in regions that are already under water stress. Maintaining sufficient volumes for environmental flows, improving irrigation practices and artificially recharging groundwater would help maintain the balance of the water cycle in the long term. Groundwater recharging, which allows water to pass from surface water to groundwater, is a well-known process for preventing water scarcity.
Another important technique is efficient irrigation, which is extremely important because irrigation represents a much greater demand for water than the public water supply. Inadequate management of water resources, whether for agriculture (which uses 70% of the world's available fresh water), industrial activities or domestic use, causes a great waste of water. In fact, when water is scarce, people tend to store it at home, which increases the risk of domestic water pollution and creates breeding grounds for mosquitoes, which transmit dengue and malaria. This includes educating people about the scope and impact of water scarcity, how to conserve water, and how to support organizations dedicated to water so that people have access to clean water.
Water scarcity, both natural and of human origin, is the lack of sufficient water resources available to meet the demands within a region. Another water resource problem associated with groundwater extraction is saltwater intrusion, in which excessive pumping of freshwater aquifers near ocean coasts causes saltwater to enter freshwater areas. All of these procedures are moderate to very expensive and require significant energy input, making the water produced much more expensive than fresh water from conventional sources. Place signs along the edge of the source water protection area to notify people that any contamination in that area may affect the quality of local drinking water.
As groundwater is pumped from water wells, there is usually a localized drop in the water table around the well called a depression cone. Improve agricultural and irrigation practices: Well, no one likes to talk about water loss in existing water networks.